Gynecomastia Causes in Adolescent Boys and in Adult

Gynecomastia Causes

The unnatural development of big breasts in men is called gynecomastia. Surprising as it may seem, it is common in different age groups, in puberty, in middle aged men, as well as in elderly men. Gynecomastia causes are typically hormone disorders, other medical conditions, as well as side effects from certain medications.

Firstly, gynecomastia causes comprise an imbalance in the hormone levels in men. As a result of that imbalance, the levels of female hormones called estrogens become higher compared to the levels of male hormones called androgens. Such imbalances are typical for the puberty period, when hormone degrees fluctuate wildly, and that is the reason why there are frequent cases of gynecomastia in teenage boys. Gynecomastia in adolescents tends to disappear without treatment in the course of six months to two years.

Gynecomastia causes can also comprise medical problems as they impact the normal balance of hormones within the male body. Malnutrition followed by the restoration of feeding can lead to male breasts enlargement. Another medical condition that can lead to such enlargement is some kind of disorder in men’s sex organs, or the testes, in which there occurs a simultaneous increase in the levels of estrogen and a lowered amount of generation of testosterone. Other medical conditions that are usually linked to gynecomastia comprise hypothyroidism as well as chronic renal failure. Men with liver failure and those suffering from cirrhosis are prone to gynecomastia, as such problems lead to hormone fluctuations. Aging can be a major factor for gynecomastia in men who are overweight. Finally, the development of tumors, for example tumors of the testes, the pituitary gland, the adrenal glands, can lead to the production of hormones that upset the normal balance of male and female hormones in men’s bodies.

Side effects caused by certain medications are yet another major component of gynecomastia causes. The list of medications that are linked to the development of gynecomastia is quite long and comprises anti ulcer drugs, diazepam, psychoactive drugs, anti estrogen and anti androgen drugs, calcium channel blockers, etc. Street drugs and alcohol are also considered as major gynecomastia causes. Men who use alcohol, marijuana, methadone, amphetamines, or heroin can develop gynecomastia. Some herbal products, like lavender or tea tree which are used in cosmetic products are also associated with the development of gynecomastia, because of their somewhat estrogenic activity.

To sum up, gynecomastia is the consequence of an impairment in the male body’s hormonal balance. It is developed in men in whose bodies the male hormones called androgens are at low levels compared to those of female hormones, or estrogens. Gynecomastia can be a transient occurrence in adolescent boys, and following puberty it usually resolves without treatment, on its own, with the cessation of fluctuations in hormone levels. Enlarged breasts can develop in obese men, and shedding weight can help to get rid of the problem. In other cases, the hormone imbalance caused by medical conditions or by medications provides a favorable ground for the development of gynecomastia.

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