Gynecomastia Causes – a Concise Explanation

Gynecomastia Causes

In gentlemen, the development of gynecomastia, or breast enlargement, is a phenomenon which gives rise to discomfort and concern. It can develop in newly born babies owing to female hormones provided by mothers, or in adolescence as well as in elderly men. In adolescents and elderly men gynecomastia is due to metabolism disorders or to disease. When pubescent gynecomastia, or gynecomastia in adolescent boys, is not a result of obesity, excessive breasts can shrink and disappear in the course of several years.

As pointed out above, certain health conditions can lead to the development of gynecomastia, by means of affecting hormone levels in the male body and disturbing their natural balance.

The first type of condition is hypogonadism, or any condition that interferes with the production of normal testosterone in men’s bodies. Aging is also a stage in men’s life when hormone changes occur, and men who are overweight are especially prone to developing gynecomastia. The disturbance of the balance of hormones, as a result of which gynecomastia can develop, can be caused by tumors, such as tumors in the testes, the pituitary gland, or the adrenal glands. Yet another increasingly common condition is hyperthyroidism, or the excessive production of thyroxine by the thyroid gland. Kidney failure, especially when men are treated by means of regular hemodialysis, is also instrumental in inducing hormone changes and hence possibly gynecomastia. Men who have severe liver conditions such as liver failure and cirrhosis are also prone to developing gynecomastia, owing to hormonal fluctuations caused by liver condition and also to medications which are administered to treat cirrhosis. Finally, starvation and undernourishment can lead to hormonal imbalance, as then testosterone levels are reduced but estrogen levels remain the same; afterwards, when normal nutrition is resumed by starving or malnourished men, gynecomastia can occur.

Although gynecomastia does not cause any physical harm to men developing it, it is a reason for esthetic concern and embarrassment. Furthermore, the growing glandular tissue in enlarged breasts in men can become tender and painful. What is more important, in some cases gynecomastia can be the impact of serious underlying conditions that have to be addressed urgently, such as testicular cancer. Adolescents and especially men who develop gynecomastia as a result of obesity should consider reducing their weight. However, massive loss of weight can lead to sagging tissues and cause further esthetic problems. Men with gynecomastia are also advised to wear compression garments; such garments conceal chest deformity and provide stability.

It is important for men who have developed gynecomastia to know that endocrinological help can be of great importance in the first two to three years; afterwards, as the breast tissue tends to harden, endocrinological attention is no longer efficient, and surgery is the only option to help men get rid of their enlarged breasts. Surgical procedures performed to eliminate gynecomastia comprise liposuction, reduction mammaplasty, or gland excision. Surgery is considered a cosmetic procedure which helps men to regain their masculine flatness of chests and also restore their self-confidence.

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